Hyperpigmentation and Dark Circles
There are many causes for dark circles, including a lack of iron or lack of sleep. These issues cause the delicate capillaries under the eyes to burst, which eventually leads to dark circles. These problems can be quickly solved with most anti-dark circle products, but sometimes there are those dark circles that seem to be stubborn. Even with adequate sleep, a good diet and daily vitamins, you still cannot seem to shake them. If this sounds like you, perhaps your dark circles may be the result of hyperpigmentation.

Hyperpigmentation is the result of too much melanin, which causes skin darkening. Here we'll talk about hyperpigmentation, we'll help you find out if the dark circles you struggle with are caused by hyperpigmentation, and how you can treat problems with hyperpigmentation and dark circles. By learning about the cause of your dark circles, you are making progress in getting rid of them.

What is Hyperpigmentation?

Hyperpigmentation is a skin condition that many people throughout the world suffer from. It is caused by excessive melanin production, which causes large, dark patches of skin develop. Hyperpigmentation is more common in people with darker skin tones from regions such as Africa, Asia, and the Middle East

Common results of hyperpigmentation are freckles, liver spots, brown spots, dark circles, age spots, and pregnancy-related skin discoloration.

What Causes Hyperpigmentation?

Sun exposure, scarring and genetics are some of the factors involved in hyperpigmentation.

Age spots, also called liver spots, are caused by hyperpigmentation brought about by sun damage. Skin discoloration from scarring, acne, and burns also result from hyperpigmentation.

Hyperpigmentation can also be caused by genetics. For example, freckles can be inherited; genetics, hormones and sunlight are all factors in the appearance of this type of hyperpigmentation. People of Indian descent are predisposed to severe under-eye darkening.

Marks from pregnancy are another type of hyperpigmentation. These marks are brought on by changes in hormone levels. Signs such as a darker abdomen or face develop as a result. Hormone-based birth control can also contribute to hyperpigmentation. Once the pregnancy is over or birth control use is discontinued, hormone levels go back to normal and the hyperpigmentation ceases.

Treating Dark Circles Caused By Hyperpigmentation

If you think your dark circles may be brought on by hyperpigmentation instead of other factors, it is advisable to talk with your dermatologist about which dark circle treatment is right for you. With all the products available, you want to find the one that will work best for you.

Laser Hyperpigmentation Treatment

Nowadays, there are laser treatments for hyperpigmentation. These treatments, though highly effective for some, may not work for others. Consult your doctor to find out if laser treatments are right for you. Your doctor will do what is called a tester spot on an unnoticeable area of your skin. This testing will reveal if your skin will take to the laser treatments—if the skin darkens, laser treatment will create darker skin and not lighter skin for you.

There are specialized lasers, such as the Q-switched ruby, which target specific pigments. These specialty lasers work to remove excess pigment without causing scarring. Chemical peels and intense pulsed light are other methods used for treating hyperpigmentation.

Treating Hyperpigmentation with Hydroquinone

Hydroquinone is a skin whitening ingredient that's found in many dark circles treatments. The most common amount of hydroquinone in these products is 2%, the strongest amount you can use without irritating the skin.

With hydroquinone, however, there are greater risk factors, mainly in the form of ochronosis, black spots that appear on the skin. Hydroquinone has also been linked to cancer and has even been banned in Europe and much of Asia.

Other Means Of Treatment

Thankfully, there's an alternative for those that don't want to deal with laser treatments or hydroquinone-based hyperpigmentation treatments. There are products that you can use at home that are specifically designed to fight dark circles- even those that come from hyperpigmentation. We've even reviewed and ranked the top products on the market in our dark circle creams review chart to find a solution that will work for you.